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      8月1日雅思大作文真題參考范文 | 富裕國家應該給貧窮國家經濟援助之外的其他援助嗎?
      2020-08-06 10:26   作者:新航道   閱讀量:

      2020年8月1日

      雅思大作文題目

      富裕國家應該給貧窮國家經濟援助之外的其他援助嗎


      Rich countries often give financial aid to poor countries, but it does not solve the poverty. So rich countries should give other types of help to the poor countries rather than the financial aid. To what extent do you agree or disagree?



      image.png


      解析&審題




      題材:政府

      題型:手段目的型

      關鍵詞:countries + financial aid + other types of help

      需要討論的觀點:富裕國家應該給貧窮國家經濟援助之外的幫助嗎?

      建議思路:雙邊討論+自己的觀點


      復現情況:疑似2013年10月10日真題


      關于 “aid”(援助)的雅思寫作真題:


      1. Some people think giving aid to poorer countries have more negative effects than positive effects. To what extent do you agree or disagree? (2013/10/10)援助貧窮國家的壞處大于好處?


      2. Some people believe countries have moral obligation to help each other, while others worry about aid money does not reach the poor people. (2016/5/21)國與國相互幫助是一種道德義務,但有人擔心援助到不了窮人手中。


      3. Some people believe famous people's support towards international aid organizations draws the attention to the problem, while others think celebrities make the problem less important. (2019/4/13)國際援助組織是否應該讓名人參加其中?


      4. Some people argue that the government should not pay money for international aid when there are some disadvantaged people at home (homeless or unemployed). To what extent do you agree or disagree? (2020/7/26)本國還有窮人時,是否應該資助其他國家?


      7月26日剛剛考到一個國際援助問題,即“當國內還有窮人時,政府是否應該經濟援助其他國家?”(點擊查看:2020年7月26日雅思真題解析及高分范文),8月1日又出現同類問題。這次問題是:富裕國家是否應該給貧窮國家其他援助,而不是經濟援助?


      仔細審題,我們會發現本題實際上是一個傳統的“手段-目的型”題目:為了解決貧窮問題,富裕國家應該給貧窮國家提供經濟援助,還是其他類型的援助?本題可遵循如下思路:


      1. 承認經濟援助可以在某種程度上解決貧窮問題;

      2. 經濟援助作為一種手段的局限和問題所在;

      3. 提出其他解決貧困問題的辦法,比如幫助貧窮國家提高教育水平和科技水平;

      4. 結論:應該提供其他類型援助,只有非常必要時才提供經濟援助。





      7分范文



      Rich countries like the United States and the Great Britain often give money to some poorest countries in Africa as a kind of financial relief. Many people hold that this is not the best way to solve the poverty problem. I strongly support this idea and think rich countries should deliver other types of aid (intellectual and technological, for instance) so as to eliminate the poverty in poor countries.


      For those living in extreme poverty, money can indeed save their lives by giving them enough food and clothes. However, it has been found that money alone cannot essentially solve the poverty and those countries dependent on foreign financial aid have remained poor no matter how much money they have received. This is probably because money can only relieve the poor countries of their present problems, but cannot solve their poverty permanently. Once the money is used up, they will return to poverty.  


      To eradicate poverty fundamentally, therefore, rich countries should give other types of help. It would be better, for instance, that they send educationalists to the poor countries and help raise their overall educational level, for only an educated country can be really rich. Meanwhile, as science and technology is key to improving a country’s economic strength, rich countries can help poor ones by making them technologically more advanced. This is exactly what China is doing in many African countries. Instead of just giving money, China helps these countries with their education, technology, and infrastructure, and as a result, they are becoming more and more wealthy.


      To conclude, though we cannot say money is totally of no use to address poverty, it is not effective, especially compared to other types of aid. My suggestion, then, is that rich countries provide intellectual and technological aid to poor countries and offer financial aid only when it is extremely necessary.



      老師筆記



      01



      Rich countries like the United States and the Great Britain often give money to some poorest countries in Africa as a kind of financial relief. Many people hold that this is not the best way to solve the poverty problem. I strongly support this idea and think rich countries should deliver other types of aid (intellectual and technological, for instance) so as toeliminate the poverty in poor countries.


      像美國和英國這樣的富裕國家經常捐錢給非洲一些最貧窮的國家,作為一種經濟救援。許多人認為這不是解決貧困問題的最好辦法。我非常支持這一想法,并認為富國應該提供其他類型的援助(例如智力和技術援助),以消除貧窮國家的貧困。



      解析

      (1) 本段先提出話題,然后給出題目觀點,最后提出自己的觀點。這是典型的雅思作文開頭段。在提出話題時,將“富裕國家”具體化為“美國和英國”,將“貧窮國家”具體化為“非洲某些國家”。

      (2) Financial relief 經濟援助

      (3) Eliminate poverty 消滅貧困(“消滅貧困”,有以下一些替換表達:solve poverty; remove poverty; eliminate poverty; eradicate poverty; address poverty)


      02



      For those living in extreme poverty, money can indeed save their lives by giving them enough food and clothes. However, it has been found that money alone cannot essentially solve the poverty and those countries dependent on foreign financial aid have remained poor no matter how much money they have received. This is probably because money can onlyrelieve the poor countries of their present problems, but cannot solve their poverty permanently. Once the money is used up, they will return to poverty.  


      對于那些生活在極端貧困中的人來說,金錢確實可以給他們足夠的食物和衣服來拯救他們的生命。然而,人們發現,單靠金錢無法根本解決貧困,那些依賴外國經濟援助的國家無論收到多少錢,都仍然很窮。這可能是因為錢只能緩解窮國目前的問題,但不能永久解決其貧困。一旦錢用完了,它們就會重新陷入貧困。



      解析

      (1) 本段先簡要說明經濟救援的用處,然后馬上轉折過來,論述只提供經濟救援無助于從根本上解決貧困問題。

      (2) Extreme poverty 極端貧困

      (3) Alone 僅僅

      (4) Be dependent on... 依賴于......

      (5) Relieve sb. of... 減輕某人的負擔

      (6) Permanently 永久地


      03



      To eradicate poverty fundamentally, therefore, rich countries should give other types of help. It would be better, for instance, that they send educationalists to poor countries and help raise their overall educational level, for only an educated country can be really rich. Meanwhile, as science and technology is key to improving a country’s economic strength, rich countries can help  poor ones by making them technologically more advanced. This is exactly what China is doing in many African countries. Instead of just giving money, China helps these countries with their education, technology, and infrastructure, and as a result, they are becoming more and more wealthy.


       因此,為了從根本上消除貧困,富國應該給予其他類型的幫助。例如,他們最好把教師派送到貧窮國家去幫助提高其整體教育水平,因為只有教育好,國家才能真正富有。同時,由于科學技術是提高一個國家經濟實力的關鍵,富國可以幫助窮國使其在技術上更先進。這正是中國在許多非洲國家所做的。中國不僅提供資金,還幫助這些國家的教育、技術和基礎設施,結果,這些國家變得越來越富有。



      解析

      (1) 本段討論其他類型的幫助:教育和科技,并以中國為例進行論證。

      (2) Eradicate poverty 消除貧困

      (3) Educationalist 教師;教育家

      (4) Infrastructure 基礎設施


      04



      To conclude, though we cannot say money is totally of no useto address poverty, it is not effective, especially compared to other types of aid. My suggestion, then, is that rich countries provide intellectual and technological aid to poor countries and offer financial aid only when it is extremely necessary.


      最后,雖然我們不能說金錢對解決貧窮毫無用處,但它并不有效,特別是與其他類型的援助相比。因此,我的建議是富國應該向窮國提供智力和技術援助,只有在極端必要時才提供經濟援助。



      解析

      (1) 本段是結論,鮮明地給出自己的觀點:應該提供其他類型援助,只有在非常必要的時候才提供經濟援助。

      (2) Be of no use 沒有任何用處

      (3) Intellectual 知識的;智力的

      (4) Offer financial aid 提供經濟援助(“提供援助”的其他替換表達:give aid; offer aid; provide aid; deliver aid)


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