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      SAT真題解析:Air-Conditioning Will Be the End of Us
      2020-07-30 11:00   作者:新航道   閱讀量:


        Viewpoint:Air-Conditioning Will Be the End of Us

        Adapted from Eric Klinenberg, “Viewpoint: air-conditioning will be the end of us”?2013 by TIME. Originally published July 17, 2013.

        Earlier this week, as the temperature in New York City hit the upper 90s and the heat index topped 100, my utility provider issued a heat alert and advised customers to use air-conditioning “wisely.” It was a nice, polite gesture but also an utterly ineffectual one. After all, despite our other green tendencies, most Americans still believe that the wise way to use air conditioners is to crank them up, cooling down every room in the house — or even better, relax in the cold blasts of a movie theater or shopping mall, where someone else pays the bills. Today Americans use twice as much energy for air-conditioning as we did 20 years ago, and more than the rest of the world’s nations combined. As a climate-change adaptation strategy, this is as dumb as it gets.(余下部分可參見原文)

        名師解析:In the article, “viewpoint: Air Conditioning Will Be the End of Us” by Eric Klinenberg, he makes an argument claiming that Americas need to greatly reduce their reliance on air-conditioning. Strategies mainly used in this passage are compare and contrast. Eric’s overall purpose in writing this article is to draw attention towards the America’s severe climate issues, with primary audience being every single concerned citizen.


        Eric starts his article off by comparing and contrasting the energy use today and that in the past. In telling this, the two are put together to make comparison and get the result “twice as much as the energy…for 20 years ago”. Moreover, in order to show audience the enormous scale of energy consumption, he compares the figure in America to the accumulation of other countries and concludes “more than the rest…”. Although there is no specific statistics, audience still can get a more concrete idea of the seriousness in the USA. With help of contrast, Eric is able to emphasize his argument effectively that citizens do overuse the energy. Via this, audience can be easily convinced the following alert on what a small behavior in daily life has cost huge amount of energy and Eric successfully draw people’s attention and providing the baseline to conduct the coming 

      discussion on risks.【分析中側重對效果的分析,要注意對讀者的感受描寫】


        劃重點?。?!本文關鍵論證手法:compare and contrast


        同學們會發現compare與contrast同屬于比較,但是分別有不同的比較重點。compare更側重類比,即比較兩者之間的相似之處,找到兩者的共同點。而contrast則更加側重比不同,找出兩者的不同之處。這兩項涉及到的對象范圍比較廣,可以是人/事件/動物/物品等。所以在閱讀文本中同學們要注意將對比這一手法擴展到不同的內容上。


        需要同學們注意的是除了具體的物體之間形成比較,作者有時對通過段落來進行比較,因此在讀到段落時也要注意去發現是否有利用這個技巧。


        作者主要通過兩種方式來進行比較:subject-by-subject and point-by-point.


        √  subject-by-subject這一方式更強調各自的特點,再對應進行比較Subject A: point A1, point A2, point A3Subject B: point B1, point B2, point B3.


        √  In the pattern of point-by-point 這一方式更強調同一內容下的比較Point1: SubjectA1, SubjectB1Point2: SubjectA2, SubjectB2Point3: SubjectA3, SubjectB3.


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